In the world over, the tech sector has in many ways set the tone for the real estate market and in Africa, the case is not any different according to Estate Intel. The economic pull of Silicon Valley for example, attracted thousands of tech workers resulting in a housing price growth of 88 percent at the height of the tech boom between 2012 and 2019 in the San Francisco Bay Area.
While the office market has continued to evolve over the past year due to the pandemic, technology has remained the core driver for hybrid and remote working policies. Tech companies themselves have also been at the forefront of driving flexible working amongst their employees. However, occupying a formal working space remains integral to most of these companies.
Estate Intel reviewed the top 50 tech (start-ups and multinationals) companies in each city across Lagos, Nairobi and Johannesburg and found out that 94 percent of these companies occupy a formal working place. 85 percent of these, occupied leasable space, with three percent occupying co-working spaces and four percent occupying owner occupied offices. Only six percent were fully remote companies, echoing the rhetoric that indeed the tech sector will continue to drive office demand as activity in the sector intensifies.
War for talent driving demand for housing in Africa
On the other hand, with the technology sector set to be a major employment driver across key African cities, an emerging component of real estate demand is also likely to be residential housing across both the affordable and luxury housing sub sectors. In Lagos, for example the existing housing supply gap coupled with the tech sector is spurring demand for young professional housing. As such, we are seeing key emerging hotspots such as Yaba tracking the overall residential market at an annual rental yield of five percent. This trend is only set to intensify as Lagos, Nairobi and Johannesburg emerge as the tech hubs of Africa.
Another key emerging trend has been the theme of repurposing real estate. While physical offices continue to be a core element of corporate tech premises, most of the tech companies are more focused on flexibility and affordability. As such, anecdotal evidence in cities such as Lagos and Nairobi points to tech startups increasingly gravitating towards repurposing residential villas and houses into office spaces not only because it makes financial sense but also due to the flexibility in strategic location.
Tilda Mwai, Research and Insights Lead at Estate Intel observed; “Overall, the tech sector in Africa, presents real opportunities for investors and developers in the mainstream real estate and in the alternative sectors such as data centres. While there is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach, we expect to see more opportunities on the occupier/tenant end of the market to meet a new, evolving demand in the market.”